Fri, October 18, 2019 | 18:52

1812 ― Napoleon begins his retreat from Moscow

1818 ― US, Chicasaw Indians sign a treaty

1849 ― Elizabeth Blackwell becomes first woman in US to receive medical degree

1870 ― Blacks elected to House of Representatives for first time

1872 ― World's largest gold nugget (215 kilograms) found in New South Wales

1912 ― Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control

1933 ― Berlin Olympic Committee vote to introduce basketball in 1936

1943 ― Theater Guild presentation of "Othello" opens at Shubert

1944 ― US forces land in Philippines

1950 ― UN forces entered Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea

1960 ― France grants Mauritania independence

1960 ― Martin Luther King Jr. arrested in Atlanta sit-in

1963 ― Beatles record "I Want to Hold Your Hand"

1986 ― USSR expels five US diplomats

1987 ― US warships destroy two Iranian oil platforms in Persian Gulf